5.2. Systems of ventilation, heating and air conditioning

Scheme of a contour of the conditioner of air

1 — the Fan
2 — the Evaporator
3 — the Broad valve
4 — the Tank
5 — the condenser Fan
6 — the Condenser
7 — the Compressor
and — External air for cooling of the condenser

b — the Warm air which is taken away outside
with — not cooled air going via the fan
d — the Cooled air going to salon
And — High pressure, gaseous
In — High pressure, liquid
With — Low pressure, liquid
D — Low pressure, gaseous

The heater case with the heat exchanger and the additional heater

1 — the Heater
2 — the Pipe of return of cooling liquid
3 — the Pipe of supply of cooling liquid
4 — the Holder of pipes of cooling liquid
5 — the Bolt
6 — the Cover for pipes of cooling liquid
7 — Collars

8 — the Sealing ring, surely replace
9 — the heater Heat exchanger
10 — the Cover (cars without additional heating element). The cover corresponds to a cover of an additional heating element, passes for the plug are closed hermetically
11 — the Additional heating element. Only diesel models which are not equipped with the additional heater, using fuel
12 — the Stopper
13 — the Stopper
14 — the Stopper. Removal of condensate at cars with the conditioner

Elements of the air conditioning system of salon

1 — the air extract Fan
2 — the K/V Compressor
3 — the K/V Coupling
4 — the Condenser
5 — the air temperature Sensor
6 — pressure Sensor To/in
7 — the Accumulator

8 — Spuskna the valve of assembly of the evaporator
9 — the Limiter
10 — the Valve of high pressure
11 — the Valve of low pressure
12 — the Gate of giving/air circulation
13 — the air temperature Sensor in an inlet air duct
14 — the Filter

Removal of the evaporator of the conditioner of air

1 — the Latch
2 — a heater Casing To/in
3 — the Latch
4 — the Gate of giving/air circulation
5 — the Grid of an inlet air duct

6 — a heater Radiator
7 — the Central gate
8 — the Gate of heating of a foot well
9 — the Gate of adjustment of temperature

Address also the Section Heater, ventilation and the conditioner of air.

Works with air conditioning system have to be performed by experts.

Fresh air for system of heating and ventilation is sucked in by the electric fan. Before receipt in salon air is purified by filters of rough and thin cleaning.

The conditioner of air is capable how to warm up (in a heater radiator) and to cool (in the conditioner evaporator), and to drain the air coming to salon. During wet weather, the arriving fresh air previously it is cooled then again heats up to the set temperature. At the same time there is a condensation of excessive moisture of air, i.e. its drainage. Thus fogging of glasses is eliminated.

Then air is distributed on ventilating nozzles in interior of the car.

Through a heater radiator constantly there passes hot cooling liquid of the cooling system of the engine. For regulation of a consumption of air in interior of the car the built-in fan of fresh air can work at several steps.

If fresh air outside does not be sucked in, for example, at poor quality of air, the system can be switched to the circulation mode. In this mode in salon only internal air circulates. If it proceeds rather long time, glasses in salon mist over.

The conditioner consists of a heater and the refrigerator. The conditioner refrigerator - from the compressor, the condenser, a throttle, the evaporator, the container with coolant and pipelines. In system coolant (R134a type) which, depending on temperature and pressure, can be in liquid or gaseous state circulates.

The compressor of the conditioner is given to rotation from a bent shaft of the engine by means of a ridge belt. He creates pressure to 30 atm. in an installation cooling contour owing to what the coolant representing gas heats up. In the condenser coolant is cooled with the external air (which is not coming to salon). At the same time the warmed coolant is condensed, turning into liquid. Having big pressure, it is passed through a throttle therefore its pressure falls. After that coolant evaporates, at the same time strongly being cooled. In the evaporator coolant selects heat from the air blown through it. Air is cooled. The cooled air comes to interior of the car. As a result of heating in the evaporator coolant turns into gas and under low pressure comes to the compressor then process of circulation repeats.

If at work works with electric equipment are in addition carried out, it is necessary to disconnect surely a negative cable (-) of the rechargeable battery. For this purpose surely observe indications of the Section Replacement of the Rechargeable Battery.

On models with the diesel engine the additional heating element which is coming into effect at a low external temperature is established. The heating element is directly behind the heat exchanger. After start of the engine, depending on external temperature, it within several seconds heats the cold air coming to the car.

If in a heater or climatic installation there is a malfunction, it is fixed in memory of malfunctions. The schitana information from memory can be the device for reading of malfunctions.

To order the car can be equipped with the automatic, electronically controlled conditioner which has an air temperature of the driver and forward passenger are regulated separately. In addition, through the connecting hose going from the conditioner to a ware box the refrigerating box if it is available in a ware box can be cooled.

The mode of automatic work provides automatic maintenance of temperature in salon and deletes moisture from air. Besides, the air temperature, its quantity and distribution are automatically regulated and fluctuations of external temperature are compensated. In economy mode of work the conditioner is switched off, but the heater and system of ventilation continue to work. By shutdown of the conditioner the compressor of the conditioner does not work therefore fuel is saved. At diesel engines, besides, additional heating is switched off. It also brings fuel economy.

Security measures at service of the air conditioner

Air conditioning system has to be served by exclusively prepared technicians trained in safe working methods with use of the appropriate equipment with observance of rules of depressurization, acquainted with methods of collecting and order of storage of automobile coolant.